How are Rugs made?
Rugs vary in pricing and it depends on the method of how they were made.
MACHINE MADE RUGS:
These are power loomed on machines and are mass produced. The best way to tell whether a rug is machine made or handmade is to look at the fringe. On a machine made, the fringe is usually just simply attached or sewn at the back, while a handmade rug might show many flaws including slight crookedness, a design that may be inconsistent and other mistakes. Machine made rugs are generally made with man-made materials even though you can find some beautiful wool ones. "Karistan" brand make beautiful wool machine rugs.
The different categories of handmade rugs are, knotted (also known as tied), hooked, needlepoint, soumak, tufted and chain stitched rugs. The best rugs are hand knotted, or hand tied.
What are the types of materials in fine rugs?
The key materials used in handmade area rugs are wool, cotton and silk. Most tribal or nomadic rugs are wool pile and wool base, where as most handmade rugs are wool on a cotton foundation. That is why your fringes are cotton at the end of your rug. Natural fibers have the durability, beauty and value that synthetic material can never match. The most durable, easy to clean fiber is wool. Silk rugs are also luxurious and beautiful.